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The same remark applies to the Scottish families who properly write themselves ' of that Ilk.' Besides these more regular local names, there are two other classes which are derived from places; namely — 1. I may observe here, that.inafew of the many cases in which I have failed to identify local surnames with localities, I have proved them to belong to this class by giving the etymology of the word. Surnames derived prom Trades, Occupations, and Offices. — English Surnames, and their place in the Teutonic Family. Those which indicate the country or district from which the family came, as Ireland, Maine, Cornwall (with the adjective forms, Irish, Maunsel, Cornwallis) &c. Those which are borrowed from the situation, rather than the name, of the original bearer's residence ; as Hill, Wood, Tree, originally At- Hill, At- Wood, At- Tree, &c. — I have little to remark here, beyond what has been said in English Surnames. Richard Fitz- Gilbert, from his father's baptismal name.* It would seem that, among the Anglo-Saxons, words designating employments were sometimes used as we now employ baptismal or Christian names. — Encyclopaedia Heraldica, or a complete Dictionary of Heraldry, by W. It is not difficult to imagine one of these adopting an argument like the following : " Well, though I have been a serf, I have purchased my freedom, and, as a free man, I am determined to resume as much as I can of the social position which my family, under the Norman sway, have lost. xvii became hereditary." The instances cited by Mr. are Ironside, Barfoot, Lightfoot, Ludbrock, and Barnacle.
A reference to the article William in this work, and to what I have already said in English Surnames, vol. The Irish, Gaelic, and Welsh surnames, as will be seen elsewhere, are almost exclusively of this kind. Ferguson has the following judicious observations : — " Of the two Teutonic patronymics, ing and son, common in English names, the former is more properly Germanic, the latter Scandinavian. Ing or inger signifies son, offspring, being cognate with the English young.
Every topographical inquirer must have remarked the number of surnames that have originated from these humble possessions; and how many have either become utterly extinct or have been transferred to other, and often remote, districts. — A Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial "Words, &c, from the Fourteenth Century, by J.