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In order to use Biblical genealogies as a calendar, one must make the fundamental assumption that Adam and Eve were the first humans.
Obviously, if this is not the case, then the Bible's genealogical record is incomplete, and thus any calculation made using its genealogies would be erroneous.
As Protestantism spread, the King James Version of the Bible became the standard English translation. Genesis alone provides genealogies from Adam to Jacob.
However, the same ages are not presented by all versions of the Bible.
The late age of kings complicated matters even more, as no information (pertaining to lengths of time) is provided whatsoever in the Bible. After an error by Dionysius Exiguus, the creator of the Anno Domini numbering system, was discovered, Ussher readjusted accordingly, putting Creation firmly at 4004 B. One of the key issues in interpreting the Biblical account of creation is the interpretation of the word "day." In the Genesis Creation account, God created the Earth, the Universe, and everything in it in a span of six "days"; thus, different lengths for these "days" will yield different ages for the Earth.The early age of kings is a bit more complicated to deal with, as the lineage breaks down; instead, the Bible records the lengths of kings' reigns.Additionally, overlaps and ambiguities in the text complicate the picture.Among others to try their hand were Johannes Kepler and Isaac Newton, both of whom arrived at estimates than Ussher's.
All labored without a number of modern tools – not only for measuring radioactive decay or rates of the universal expansion, but an intellectual framework for conceiving of time on scales beyond the biblical.
In 1642, John Lightfoot published a "voluminous" calculation of the exact date for the creation of the universe: September 17, 3928 B. This date was reached after an analysis of the Biblical genealogies found in Genesis, Exodus, 1 and 2 Kings, and 1 and 2 Chronicles.